We are all human, and what do humans do all the time? Bleed. Of course, this isn’t something any of us enjoying having happen to us, but life is unpredictable, and bleeding can occur to any of us at any time.
When it comes to external bleeding, three different types of blood flow can occur. Knowing what kind of bleeding you are experiencing is vital in order to figure out how to fix it. A simple definition of external bleeding is when blood comes out of some wound. So, whenever you can actually see blood coming out of yourself or someone else, it is external bleeding. Your veins are filled with blood and can be many different sizes – it all depends on where the vein is located in the body. Due to these different sizes, some wounds bleed more than others. This is where the three sorts of bleeding come in: capillary, venous, and arterial bleeding.
When you get hurt, it’s essential to figure out what type of bleeding you are experiencing of these three kinds. Afterward, you can pay more attention to the location of your injury and how to proceed in stopping the bleeding. Different places on the body require different remedies when they become injured. This article provides you with enough knowledge to be able to spot any dangerous symptoms related to the blood that you or any of your loved ones may experience throughout their lifetime.
10 Knowing the Three Types of Bleeding
As just mentioned, there are three types of bleeding that can occur. Capillary bleeding is the most common form of injury that involves blood. An example of capillary bleeding is when you are running and end up tripping on a rock. Your ankle twists while you fall and you end up on the ground. To try and break your fall, you put your hands out and then instantly feel a stinging pain in your palms. When you look at your hands, you notice tiny cuts all over with blood oozing out at a slow pace. This is capillary bleeding, where your blood clots and is able to stop itself in a short amount of time.
Another form of bleeding is known as venous bleeding. An easy example to explain this type of bleeding is when you are in the kitchen chopping up vegetables, then suddenly the knife slips and you slice your hand. Blood starts flowing quickly from your new cut. Your first response to this should be to apply pressure to the wound to stop the blood from coming out. When venomous bleeding like this happens, it means a vein has been damaged.
The third type of bleeding that can happen is arterial bleeding. This is the worst type of external bleeding that may occur. An instance that arterial bleeding can come about is if, for example, you are chopping wood with a new saw that you are trying out for the first time. You go to use the saw, and next thing you know is you’ve cut a piece of your arm, and blood begins shooting out. The blood doesn’t stop spurting out, and you begin to feel faint. This is when you need to call 9-1-1.
9Treating Basic Cuts and Wounds
Whenever you accidentally cut yourself, you instantly hear your mom’s voice in the back of your head telling you to wash it right away. Well, as always, moms are never wrong! The second you notice yourself bleeding, you should act on it. Applying pressure, washing it, putting a topical ointment on it, then ending with a bandaid is the typical way to handle a situation with a small cut. Sometimes, this straightforward procedure isn’t enough. At this point, knowing home remedies that can help you control bleeding is a great idea. So, here are some:
Ice! This one may seem like a no brainer when it comes to pain, but people rarely think of putting ice of a bleeding wound. Applying ice to a bleeding wound helps it reduce the swelling that is likely to come about.
Another remarkable home remedy that can tame your bleeding is a tea bag. Putting a tea bag directly on a bleeding wound helps your blood clot faster, which makes the bleeding end quicker. It’s crucial that you use a tea bag with caffeine in it since it’s the tannins from the caffeine that go into the blood to help it clot.
Have you ever heard of witch hazel? Many people never have, but it’s a magical remedy to help you stop bleeding, so keep it around your house! The astringents found in witch hazel help keep skin tight and draws wounds back together, which is a quick fix when it comes to having small cuts.
8Popped Blood Vessel in Eye
Have you ever looked in the mirror and noticed your eye having a red dot inside it? This is what happens when a blood vessel breaks inside your eye. This is more accurately referred to as a subjunctive hemorrhage. To explain this in more detail, WebMD says “The conjunctiva is the thin, moist, transparent membrane that covers the white part of the eye (called the sclera) and the inside of the eyelids. The conjunctiva is the outermost protective coating of the eyeball. The conjunctiva contains nerves and many small blood vessels. These blood vessels are usually barely visible but become larger and more visible if the eye is inflamed. These blood vessels are somewhat fragile, and their walls may break easily, resulting in a subconjunctival hemorrhage (bleeding under the conjunctiva). A subconjunctival hemorrhage appears as a bright red or dark red patch on the sclera.”
A popped blood vessel in your eye can happen for a few reasons. This can occur from something simple like sneezing or coughing, or something more obvious like vomiting. Vomiting is the most common reason for having subconjunctival bleeding in your eye because it causes a lot of strain on your entire face. It may also happen if you happen to rub your eye just a little too hard. Having an injury in your eye also makes a subconjunctival hemorrhage come about. Finally, a popped eye blood vessel may occur if you experience a severe eye infection or if you recently had eye surgery. They almost always go away on their own, so it isn’t much you can do when you noticed this in your eye.
Nosebleeds can come about for a number of reasons: dryness in the air, nervousness, and high blood pressure. Most times, a bloody nose is nothing to be concerned about. It happens extremely often to children, and most parents instantly freak out, but there typically is no reason to. When it comes to adults, nosebleeds can be a little more concerning. A nosebleed that has to do with hardening of the arteries or high blood pressure is something that needs to be paid attention to. Also, with these cases, the nosebleeds can be much more difficult to stop.
According to Healthline.com, there is an exact way to perform first aid when someone is experiencing a nosebleed. The procedure goes as follows “Have the person sit down and lean their head forward. This will reduce pressure in the nasal veins and slow the bleeding. It will also keep blood from flowing down into the stomach, which can cause nausea. If you’d like, use a nasal spray in the bleeding nostril while the person holds their head still. Have them push the bleeding nostril firmly against the septum (the dividing wall in the nose). If the person is unable to do this, put on latex gloves and hold the nose for them for five to 10 minutes. Once the nose stops bleeding, instruct the person not to blow their nose for several days. This could dislodge the clot and cause bleeding to begin again.”
As we all know, our brains are significant. It’s for this reason that head injuries can be hazardous, although many do not require medical attention. For most head injuries, they simply need the pressure to be added to the wound to reduce the bleeding, then be washed in a sink or shower. The only thing that differentiates a head wound from a regular scrap on your arm is the amount of blood that comes out. If you’ve ever experienced a head injury, you know that there is a lot of blood involved. Head wounds bleed so much because of the large number of blood vessels inside our heads, and because of the amount of oxygen, our brain needs to function. One-fifth of the blood that comes from our heart goes directly to our brain, so a lot is flowing around up there. This is why even the smallest cuts to the head can bleed so much.
When attempting to stop the bleeding from a head wound, it’s essential to apply pressure for 15 whole minutes, with no pauses. During this time and afterward, make sure to keep the wound as clean as possible. When treating a head injury, you need to watch the injured person for any signs of shock continually. If they seem to be experiencing any form of trauma, they need emergency care. Specific symptoms of shock may include the person going in and out of consciousness, saying they feel dizzy or weak, or being less alert than they usually are.
5 Coughing Up Blood
Healthline.com tells its readers, “Seeing blood when you cough can be alarming, whether it’s a large or small amount. Coughing up blood is nearly always a symptom of a disease. The seriousness of the condition depends on the amount of blood and the length of time the blood is being coughed up, but this symptom should never be ignored. The blood you cough up may come from your nose, throat, upper airways, or lungs. The medical term for coughing up blood is hemoptysis.” So, as you can tell from this, coughing up blood is nothing to joke around about. If this happens to you, you need to be prepared to know what to look for in the blood you cough up.
Any blood that comes from the respiratory tract is likely to come out in the form of bubbles. These aren’t the bubbles we all loved as a kid, though. These bubbles happen because of a mix between mucus and air within the lungs, and this bubbly blood can range from dark to bright red in color. Reasons for your body coughing up blood vary from an irritated throat to potential lung cancer. Other reasons for experiencing hemoptysis include asthma, throat infection, or bronchitis.
It’s important to remember that coughing up blood is different from bleeding from the mouth by a cut of some sort. A cut in your mouth is a common occurrence, so if that’s what’s happening to you, it’s nothing to stress over.
Gastrointestinal bleeding is any type of bleeding that occurs in your digestive tract, which in the body is the mouth all the way down to the rectum. If you happen to be losing a lot of blood in a short period of time, you may experience blood in your stool or vomiting blood. If your gastrointestinal bleeding is severe and continues for a long time, the loss of blood you are experiencing may result in iron-deficiency. Symptoms besides these could be a constant pain in your abdominals or random passing out.
“Bleeding is typically divided into two main types: upper gastrointestinal bleeding and lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Causes of upper GI bleeds include peptic ulcer disease, esophageal varices due to liver cirrhosis and cancer, among others. Causes of lower GI bleeds include hemorrhoids, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease, among others. Diagnosis typically begins with a medical history and physical examination, along with blood tests. A fecal occult blood test may detect small amounts of bleeding. Endoscopy of the lower and upper gastrointestinal tract may locate the area of bleeding. Medical imaging may be useful in cases that are not clear,” according to Wikipedia.
If treatment is required, it is possible that a blood transfusion may be needed. Another option can be antibiotics if you’re lucky. This is one of the hardest forms of bleeding to tract since many people fail to notice the initial symptoms, it is almost impossible to prevent. So, although no one wants to admit to doing it, paying attention to what your stool looks like may save your life!
3Could You Have Hemophilia?
Hemophilia is an uncommon disorder where the person’s blood cannot clot as it should due to a decreased amount of blood-clotting proteins that the average person. People that suffer from hemophilia bleed for a much longer time than most whenever they get injured. Their bodies may be able to handle small cuts – these typically aren’t what a hemophiliac needs to worry about. The real concern is that people with hemophilia have a high chance of having deep bleeding internally. Too much bleeding in the inner workings of your body can affect your organs in a very nasty way, so severely that it can be life-threatening.
Not everyone with hemophilia experiences the same symptoms, so this is why the list of symptoms is long. Signs to look out for if you are concerned that you may have hemophilia include dark bruising often, excessive bleeding from wounds you cannot explain, high amounts of bleeding after receiving a vaccination, constant pain in throughout your body, blood in the toilet after you go to the bathroom, and random nosebleeds.
The simplest of cuts can cause a hemophiliac to have blood rush to their brain. When bleeding into the brain occurs, it is worth some severe concern – mainly because you may not realize it’s happening. Signs that you may be experiencing internal bleeding to the brain include seeing double, constant fatigue, seizures, or continuous painful headaches. There is a list of possible treatments for hemophilia, including physical therapy, but blood replacements seem to be the only way to slowly quick this disorder.
2Could It Be Internal Bleeding?
Most of the bleeding that has been discussed in this article so far as forms of external bleeding. Now, let’s make our way to understanding what internal bleeding may entail. To start, a definition of internal bleeding is any form of bleeding that happens inside of you. Unlike external bleeding that can be spotted easily, internal bleeding is harder to notice with your eyes. This makes it more challenging to diagnose.
If you’re wondering how internal bleeding comes about, it is typically the aftermath of trauma or severe injury. Hemophiliacs, as mentioned before, are also more likely to experience internal bleeding than the average Joe. Internal bleeding can be just as dangerous, sometimes even more so, than external bleeding, so being able to recognize the symptoms of it is important. Signs to pay attention to include numbness on one side of your head, lousy coordination skills, experiencing difficulty reading and writing, pain in your abdomen or chest, or swelling around any of your body’s joints.
Healthline.com notes that “The presence of other underlying conditions may help doctors identify if you’re losing blood somewhere. For example, anemia is commonly associated with slow and chronic internal bleeding. It can cause fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath. Some people with internal bleeding will also have low blood pressure because of constant blood loss. This is known as orthostatic hypotension. Common symptoms include feeling dizzy or light-headed when you stand.” So, the only way to stop internal bleeding is to seek medical attention and follow their instructions on what to do.
1Knowing When to Call 9-1-1
We have just gone over a list of different places you may bleed from and how to handle any situation that comes your way regarding blood, but sometimes, the control is out of your hands, and you need to seek medical attention.
When it comes to simple cuts, ask yourself: could you need stitches? If the cut seems to go very deep, it is worth contacting a medical professional about it. If a nosebleed lasts longer than 20 minutes, then concern should have risen, and you should go see a doctor. It is not healthy for blood to continue flowing out of your nose this long, so it could signify a brain injury. When you experience a head injury, pay attention to how your head is feeling. Although the amount of blood that may come out is not necessarily a problem, how deep the cut is definitely is. If a head cut is deep enough that it pierces through the person’s skull, 9-1-1 should be contacted immediately.
When it comes to head injuries, never hesitate to call 9-1-1 the second the injured person seems to be experiencing any form of shock. If they look scared, weak, dizzy, or unresponsive, call the emergency. If you’ve been coughing up blood continuously, you should make an appointment with your doctor right away. It’s likely that the doctor takes an MRI of your neck and a blood sample. With this, they can see if there are any cancerous lumps in your respiratory tract or cancer cells in your blood.
In regard to internal bleeding, if you experience many of the possible symptoms like numbness, dizziness, passing out, or shortness of breath, in a very sudden amount of time, then you should seek medical help.
Making yourself aware of the three types of bleeding: capillary, venous, and arterial, is important so that you can know how to control any situation involving blood. No matter the size of your wound, you should pay attention to the blood that is coming out of it. Is it spurting out at a fast pace? Or is the blood coming out slowly? Questions like this are ones to ask yourself whenever you catch yourself bleeding. Our bodies are sacred things that need to be taken care of, so ignoring blood when you see it should be a crime!
Watch out for blood thinners like alcohol and Advil! Many people take aspirin when they are experience headaches or pain, and while this can save your life, too much of it can threaten it. Blood-thinning medications are made to help stop blood clots that can harm people, but they also cause you to bleed more when you face an injury, which is a danger in itself. Don’t be fooled; there are also natural blood thinners that can cause harm to your body, not just chemical ones. Ingredients that cause blood thinning include cayenne pepper, ginger, thyme, and paprika. When it comes to these, know that a little is great, but a lot may not be.
When our grandparents told us that “it’s better to be safe than sorry,” they were probably alluding to continually checking up on our own bodies and making sure they’re healthy, before it’s too late.