35. Creation of Indian Boarding Schools
During the latter portion of the 1800s and early 1900s, there was a new type of Indian Removal utilized. This was a movement used to try and “civilize” or “assimilate” the remaining population of Native Americans. It was during this period of time that various Indian boarding schools were created. At these schools, the Indian children had to follow strict almost military style discipline. The schools also prohibited the children from speaking their native languages and from practicing their religion. They were not even allowed to visit their families.
To ensure that all Indian children entered these schools, Indian agents traveled from one home to the next on reservations and gathered children as young as the age of five. They “removed” the children from their home and placed them in the boarding schools. Modified types of this practice continued for decades, including in the 1950s, 1960s, and the 1970s.
Many of the Indian children were ultimately removed from their parent’s homes and put in white foster homes. The reason for this was to help and improve their current economic conditions. From the years of 1958 until 1967, both private and public agencies in the U.S. promoted the practice of white families adopting Indian kids. In a response to these types of practices, the leaders of various tribes worked to enact the Indian Child Welfare Act, which prevented the involuntary termination of Native American’s parental rights.
24. The Government Controls all Economic Development of Indian Land
Any and all development projects on Native American land has to undergo a review period and receive authorization from the government. This is a process that is notoriously long and tedious. On Indian land, a business or company has to go through at least four different federal agencies and 49 individual steps to acquire a permit for any type of energy development. Off the reservation, this is accomplished in just four steps. This type of bureaucracy helps to prevent tribes from being able to capitalize on the resources they have.
The fact is, many Native Americans have to wait for years to pass prior to receiving the needed approvals when it comes to energy development on Indian-owned lands. This is a process that only takes a few months on private land. At any point, an agency has the option to demand more information or to shut down the development altogether. There are some Native Americans that have waited more than six years to receive the title search report that other people in America can acquire in only a few days.
As a result, many investors avoid development on Indian lands completely. When any type of development occurs, various federal agencies are going to stay involved every step of the way, even going as far as to collect payments on the tribe’s behalf. At this point, the royalties are distributed to the Indians who own the land; however, this money often gets “lost.”
13. The Delivery of Small Pox Laden Blankets
The control of the American Indian population began long before “Americans” moved in. In fact, during the time of the French and Indian War, the British delivered blankets to the Indians that had been infected by smallpox. This event occurred in 1763 before the USA was ever formed.
After the French and Indian War, the Native Americans were no longer being ruled by the French (with whom they had become comfortable) and now under British rule. The Native Americans hated the deal they received from the British since they treated the Indians so badly. The goal of the Indians during the war was to restore rule to the French, but in the end, they wanted freedom.
However, since freedom wasn’t an option, and the British gained control, the Indians took action. They began to raid settlements, schools, and towns, killing every “white” person they could find. This is what was referred to as the Pontiac Rebellion. At this time, Lord Jeffrey Amherst concocted the idea to give Indians the blankets that were infected with smallpox.
Due to the blankets and the widespread nature of the disease, thousands of Indians became ill and died. This included many women and children. After this, the Indians also became dependent on the Whites for pellets and gunpowder, which is something they ran out of quickly when hostilities arose.